Ian MacMillen bo predstavil svojo zadnjo knjigo Playing It Dangerously (Wesleyan University Press, 2019). Avtor ponuja nov način razumevanja glasbe in rase in pokaže, kako vznikajo strukture pripadnosti in izključevanja, kadar so občutja glasbenikov v nasprotju z njihovimi diskurzi o raznolikosti in vključenosti. Na podlagi terenskega dela na Hrvaškem, v Srbiji, Avstriji in ZDA preučuje afektivno mobilizacijo glasbe onkraj zavestne misli in trdi, da so materialni procesi osrednjega pomena za racializacijo sentimenta v tamburaški glasbi. Praksa medžanrskega prehajanja za Hrvate, Rome in Srbe služi kot prizorišče nasprotovanja in sprave, saj je Hrvaška med vojnami 1990-ih tamburaško glasbo uporabljala kot nacionalni simbol. Knjiga prikaže dialektično dinamiko med afektivnimi in diskurzivnimi odzivi na razlike v slogu igranja in kako zanikanje občutkov na koncu prispeva k privilegiranju ideje tamburašev kot herojskih Hrvatov, čeprav glasba poraja različna etnična, rasna in spolna postajanja.
Ian MacMillen je predavatelj na univerzi Yale in v jesenskem semestru 2021 Fulbrightov štipendist v Bolgariji, kjer predava na Novi bolgarski univerzi. Pred tem je vodil Center za ruske, vzhodnoevropske in srednjeazijske študije na Oberlin College & Conservatory, kjer je poučeval tečaje etnomuzikologije in vzhodnoevropskih študij. Osredotoča se na popularno in tradicionalno glasbo jugovzhodne Evrope in izvaja terenske projekte na vzhodnem Hrvaškem, v Vojvodini (Srbija) in Sofiji v Bolgariji. Poleg monografije o tamburaški glasbi na Hrvaškem (Playing It Dangerously, 2019) je objavljal v publikacijah kot so Ethnomusicology Forum, Ethnomusicology, Hrvatski Tamburaški Brevijar, in Oxford Handbook of Slavic Folklore. Rezultati njegovega trenutnega projekta o glasbi, spominu in pozabljanju bo izšel pri University of Chicago Press.
Serija predavanjAffecTalks je del aktivnosti temeljnega raziskovalnega projekta »Glasba in politika v post-jugoslovanskem prostoru: k novi paradigmi političnosti glasbe na prelomu stoletij« (J6-9365) financiran s strani Javne agencije za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije.
Two days in mid-September, the 16 and the 17, were an opportunity to hear a number of excellent presentations by a diverse group of researchers at the Loud Memories, Turbo Folks: Mapping Sound, Image and Remembrance in the Post-Yugoslav Space International Symposium September.
The symposium, attended by our project team members, was driven by the desire to engage with the question how images, sounds, and memories (re)invent traditions, histories, and spaces of political intervention? The organisers, the Center for Cultural and Religious Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of
Ljubljana (CPKR, FDV (UL)), and the MGLC – International Centre of Graphic Arts, forwarded the question of what are the cultural dynamics and the affective charges of the post-Yugoslav condition? How do they travel across various media and across the borders of various posttransitional peripheries?
On the website https://soundcloud.com/markotadik/sets/13-pieces-for-prvomajska one can listen to the sound installation by artists Marko Tadić and Miro Manojlović “Concrète machines: 13 pieces for Prvomajska”. These sound pieces have been used at the exhibition in the framework of The Second Biennale of Industrial Art in Istria under the title “On the Shoulders of Fallen Giants.” The installation was placed in the cinema hall in Raša, a small mining town, known as the youngest town in Istria: it was built in 1936 and 1937 to be home of miners and their families. The mines were closed only 30 years later, and the town is today just a monument to mining life and labor. The cinema hall also lost its function – its interior is emptied of seats and void of function. It is just one among many empty, ruining buildings in this town, built by Italians during their administration in Istria. The town that was carefully conceptualized to cater the needs of its inhabitants, for a long time already stands still, bond with the past, as a monument to a bygone era, and as a ruin of the imagination of the future that industrialization used to embody.
The empirical study in which we focus on the affective and emotional potential of music in shaping political collectivities also involves fieldwork at selected communal events, such as official and unofficial commemorations, festivals, protests. In addition to autoethnography, on which researchers of affective and emotional states often base their approach, we are primarily interested in the singing and listening experiences of active participants. Of course, a question immediately came up: How to capture those momentary states or bodily responses to music performance (before, during or after the event)? We wanted to collect data on an individual’s bodily experience, but we didn’t opt for a neuroscientific approach. Namely, we see such an approach as limited, as it often neglects previous experiences or histories of performance and listening involved in “current” bodily reactions (see Martin 2013). However, we don’t deny that a combination of the two would also contribute to our approach.
Spletno diskusijo je gostil Samuel Araujo, organizirana pa je bila v sodelovanju več brazilskih etnomuzikoloških organizacij (Etnomuzikološki laboratori in skupina Musiculture – Tide, Laboratorij za etnomuzikologijo v sestavi študijske skupine za glasbo v Paráu, raziskovalne skupine za glasbo in identiteto v Amazoniji, oba iz UFPA in študijska skupina za glasbo v Amazoniji, iz UEPA).
A couple of years ago I was browsing YouTube videos when a video popped of a 1941 recording of an old Slovenian choir song Lipa zelenela je (“The linden tree grows green”). I knew the song only too well. It was a ubiquitous sonic feature of my growing up in the socialist Slovenia/Yugoslavia, part of choir repertoires, and a popular funeral song (as it is today). Hence it was generally disliked at the time by myself and my peers, and also became a matter of pop musical reinterpretations. Lačni Franz, for example, took the title and ironicised the funeral motive in his reinterpretation of the song. However, I hardly knew anything about the 1941 recording that, found on YT about 75 years later, shows two images, one of a map of occupied Slovenia during the Second World War (1941–1945) and another of Ljubljana under fascist occupation (1941–1943).
We live in deeply paradoxical times. Everybody has access to more music than ever, but at the same time music is becoming less and less powerful as a social activity. Music – especially popular music – does still affect society, but not the way it did decades ago. All around the western world, music venues are rapidly disappearing or barely surviving at the margins. Pocket loudspeakers occasionally disturb social “peace”, but earphones seem to inscribe definite symbolic boundaries in everyday reality, at home and in public.
Still, music’s basic appeal has not changed, with it being the most effective symbolic practice that catches both the whole body and the mind. It is essentially intimate, social and common at the same time. Live music will not disappear so easily.
In this short post I will present some thoughts related to continuous encounters with various music venues in Slovenia in several capacities – as part of the audience, as an active participant in the establishment and short-term operation of such a venue, as a musician, and, finally, as a researcher. In the 1990s I studied the Rock and Youth Club in the Slovenian village of Trate, which eventually became a dissertation-based monograph.
Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic not only determines our agenda but also surrounds us all. What we do and what we cannot, everything is related to it. We live through the pandemic and speak its language. Our way of seeing the present world, our ways of understanding the past and envisioning the future are all under transformation. This epistemological shift, most probably, will become more distinctive in the following days and we will discuss it a lot. My intention here is to think about how our relationship with music gets and can get its share of this transformation.